Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Livestock in Khuzestan Province, Southwest of Iran, 2008-2012

Ehsan Gharib MOMBENI, Manoochehr Gharib MOMBEINI, Mehdi Khalaj, Reza ASADI, Abdul Amir REZAEI, Karim AMIRI, Samed BROMAND, Mostafa KENARKOHI, Afshin Gharib MOMBENI
731 373

Öz


2008-2012 YILLARI ARASINDA GÜNEYBATI İRAN KHUZESTAN İLİNDE YETİŞTİRİLEN ÇİFTLİK HAYVANLARINDA BRUSELLOZUN SEROPREVALANSI Bruselloz endemik seyrettiği İran ve gelişen ülkeler başta olmak üzere, dünya çapında yaygın görülen bir zoonotik hastalıktır. Çalışmada Güneybatı İran’da yer alan Khuzestan ilinin 18 farklı semtinde ki çiftlik hayvanları arasında brusellozun seroprevalansının araştırılması amaçlandı. 87798 sığır ve 119020 koyun serum örneği Rose Bengal Lam Aglütinasyon tekniği ile test edildi, pozitif örnekler serum aglütinasyon testi (SAT) ve 2-merkaptoetanol SAT (2MESAT) ile doğrulandı. Örneklerden elde edilen seroprevalans oranları, sığırlar için %0,72, koyunlarda ise %3,01 olup Khuzestan’da ki çiftlik hayvanlarında brusellozun varlığını ve sığırlara göre koyunlarda enfeksiyonun istatistiksel olarak daha yüksek oranda (P<0,05) seyrettiğini ortaya çıkardı. Bununla birlikte belirlenen genel seroprevalansın komşu bölgelerdeki ve Orta Doğu’daki çiftlik hayvanları üzerinde yapılan diğer çalışmalardaki sonuçlara göre çok daha düşük olduğu saptandı. Bu sonuçlar yine de bruselloz ile ilgili olarak şeffaflık politikası ile birlikte etkili eradikasyon tedbirlerinin uygulanması gerektiğini göstermektedir.

Anahtar kelimeler


Seroloji, ruminant, bruselloz, İran

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Referanslar


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