Refugee crisis (RC) after the Arab Spring (AS) and its impacts on Turkish tourism industry: The case of Istanbul

Fusun Istanbullu Dincer, Eyup Karayilan, Merve Aydogan Cifci
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Abstract


The Spring began as social movements in Middle East though shortly after uprisings, regime changes and civil wars are emerged. Apart from all, more than five million people are forced to refuge from Syria to neighbouring countries. The article is intended to explore the effects of the refugees on Turkish tourism industry with special evidences from Istanbul. The semi-structured elite interviews have been used as the data collection method. Eight face to face interviews are made in Istanbul with scholars, professionals and specialists from different areas and study fields. Five common themes are derived from the collected data namely, illegal employment, tourism investment, tourism demand, social conflict and tourist experience. The case study makes important theoretical contribution to the tourism literature since it examines the impacts of refugee crisis with a different perspective from migration-led tourism or tourism-led migration.

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