Toplumda Eşcinsellere Yönelik Tutumlar ve Lezbiyen Kadınlarda Sağlık Eşitsizliği

Nevin HOTUN ŞAHİN, Dilek BİLGİÇ
2.036 1.052

Öz


ÖZET Dünyada eşcinsellere yönelik tutumlar değişmeye, lezbiyen ve aileleri konusunda toplumun farkındalığı artmaya, eşcinsellik kabul edilebilir bir yaşam stili olarak daha fazla görülmeye başlamıştır. Buna karşın yine de heteroseksüel kadınlarla kıyaslandığında lezbiyen kadınlar gerek koruyucu sağlık hizmetlerin kullanımında gerekse sağlık bakım hizmetlerinden yararlanmada önemli düzeyde eşitsizlikler yaşayan, büyük ölçüde ayrımcılığa maruz kalan bir gruptur. Lezbiyen kadınlar çoğunlukla hemşire ve diğer sağlık profesyonelleri arasında açığa çıkma korkusu ve homofobik tutumlardan dolayı kaliteli bir sağlık bakımı elde etmek için mücadele etmek zorunda kalmaktadırlar. Lezbiyen kadınlar heteroseksüellerle karşılaştırıldığında lezbiyenler koruyucu sağlık hizmetlerinden daha az yararlanmakta, sağlık sorunu ortaya çıktığında tedaviyi geciktirmekte ya da sadece şiddetli semptomlarda yardım arama davranışı göstermektedir. Lezbiyen kadınların sağlık bakım hizmetlerine erişmesinde engel oluşturan hem hizmet verenlerden hem de sağlık bakım sisteminden kaynaklı bazı faktörler vardır. Bu nedenle bu özel ve farklı kadın grubunun sorunlarına yönelik sağlık çalışanlarının eğitilmesi gerekir. Sağlık çalışanlarının eğitilmesi, rehberliği ve desteği sayesinde lezbiyen çiftler ne istediklerine karar verebilir, seçimlerini savunabilir ve sağlık hizmeti almada daha istekli olabilirler.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Eşcinsellik, lezbiyen, sağlık eşitsizliği, hemşirelik, ebelik

 

ABSTRACT In today’s world, there have been changes in attitudes towards homosexuals and increases in community’s awareness of lesbians and their families, and thus homosexuality has begun to be a more acceptable lifestyle. However, when the use of preventive health services by lesbian women is compared with that by heterosexual women, it is seen that the former group still suffers significant levels of inequalities in benefiting from health care and is exposed to discrimination to a great extent. The comparison of lesbian women with heterosexual women in terms of benefiting from health services has revealed that the former group receives preventive healthcare services less, and that when they have health problems, they delay the treatment and display help-seeking behavior only when the symptoms become severe.There are several factors arising both from the health care system and from healthcare providers’ attitudes which prevent lesbian women from accessing health care services. Therefore, health workers should be trained on the problems of lesbian women. Under the guidance and support of health workers who have received the training, lesbian couples can decide on what they want to, can defend their preferences and may be more willing to receive health care.

Key words: Homosexuality, lesbian, health inequalities, nursing, midwifery


Anahtar kelimeler


Homoseksüalite; lezbiyen; sağlık eşitsizliği; hemşirelik; ebelik

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17681/hsp.90770

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