Çocuklarda Prosedürel Ağrı Yönetiminde Dikkati Başka Yöne Çekme Yöntemlerinin Kullanımı

Sevil İNAL, Nejla CANBULAT
2.935 716

Öz


Kan alma, enjeksiyon uygulama gibi medikal prosedürler çocukların en büyük ağrı kaynaklarından biridir. Ağrı çocukların iğneden korkmasına, aşı uygulaması, enjeksiyon ve kan alma uygulaması gibi bazı medikal prosedürlere karşı gönülsüzlüğü hatta tedavinin ihmal edilmesine yada gecikmesine neden olabilmektedir. Bu nedenle hemşire, çocuklarda ağrının uzun dönem olumsuz etkilerini azaltmak ve ağrılı prosedürlerin fiziksel ve emosyonel etkilerini gidermek için ağrılı prosedürleri yönetmelidir. Çocuklarda medikal prosedürler sırasında oluşabilecek ağrı ve anksiyeteyi azaltmaya yönelik farmakolojik ve non-farmakolojik yöntemleri kapsayan pek çok yaklaşım vardır. Son yıllarda, hemşirelerin ağrılı prosedürlerde ağrıyı gidermeye yönelik non-farmakolojik yöntemlerin kullanımı ile ilgili araştırmalar artmıştır. Medikal prosedürler sırasında oluşan ağrıyı gidermede en sık kullanılan yöntemlerden biri dikkati başka yöne çekmedir. Dikkati başka yöne çekme yöntemi, ağrıyı azaltmak için hastanın dikkatini başka bir uyarana yoğunlaştırma girişimidir ve beynin stimulasyona dikkatini yoğunlaştırma ile ilgili kapasitesinin sınırlı olduğu hipotezine dayanmaktadır. Bu makalede sıklıkla kullanılan dikkati başka yöne çekme yöntemleri tartışılacaktır.

Anahtar kelimeler


dikkati başka yöne çekme yöntemleri; ağrı yönetimi; hemşirelik; çocuk hasta

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17681/hsp.47420

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