Dört Avrupa Ülkesinde Ebeliğin Güncel Durumu ve Ebelik Araştırmalarının Gelişimi

Selma Aytaç, Meral Madenoğlu Kıvanç, Fatma Ay
2.189 2.092

Öz


Amaç: İngilizce konuşulmayan dört Avrupa ülkesi Almanya, Avusturya, İsviçre ve Hollanda’da son yirmi yıllık süreçte ebeliğin güncel durumunu tanımlamak ve ebelik araştırmalarının gelişiminde yayım sürecini etkileyen faktörleri anlamak amacıyla yapılmış kalitatif ortak durum çalışmasıdır.

Bulgular: 1989’da Almanya’da Uluslararası Ebelik Konfederasyonu (International Confederation of Midwives - ICM) Çalıştay’ında dört ülke için ebelik araştırmalarının başlangıç çalışması yapılmış, her ülkede gelişim özelliklerine göre içerik ve zamanlama olarak farklı kurslar verilmiştir. Son on yıllık süreçte bu gelişime katkıda bulunan ana etkenler; ebeliğin tarihi ve karakteri, bireysel ebelik araştırmaları girişimleri, diğer profesyoneller ile anlaşma ve ebelik programlarının yüksek öğretime geçirilmesidir. Ebelik araştırması günümüzde tüm ülkelerde profesyonel bir role sahip olmasına rağmen gelecekteki problemler arasında kendi akademik iş gücünü oluşturma ve multidisipliner ortaklıklarda ebeliğin rolünü güçlendirme, kendi profilini ve kimliğini yaratma yer almaktadır.

Sonuçlar: Güncel görüş dört ülke arasında 1989’da paylaşılmasına rağmen ebelik araştırmaları her ülkede ebelik ve eğitiminin karakterine göre içeriğinin özel olarak geliştiğini göstermektedir. Bu etkenlerin gelecekteki ebelik araştırmalarında ulusal ve uluslararası düzeyde bir akademik disiplin olarak dikkate alınması gerekir.


Anahtar kelimeler


Kanıta dayalı ebelik; ebelik araştırmaları; lisansüstü eğitim; Avrupa

Tam metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17681/hsp.20958

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