EYE- RELATED TRAUMA AND INFECTION IN DENTISTRY

Hasan Ekmekçioğlu, Meral Ünür
85

Abstract


Despite numerous technological and medical developments achieved in recent years, a significant amount of occupational health problems still exist in modern dentistry. The risk of eye injury is mostly attributed to the use of high-speed hand pieces and ultrasonic devices. A dental clinic may be the source of eye-related infection and injury because of mechanical, chemical, microbiological and electromagnetic irritants. Accidents may cause facial injuries that involve eyes of the clinicians, patients as well as dental assistants. Eye injuries can vary from mild irritation to blindness. The use of eye protection tools, such as protective goggles and visors, reduces the risk of eye damage or complete loss of vision while working with dangerous and floating materials. Therefore, all precautions should be taken, even when performing common procedures for which the risk expectancy is relatively low. Clinicians should be aware that they are also responsible for providing adequate protection for their assistants and patients, as well as themselves.


Keywords


Eye infection; protective equipment; corneal trauma; dental settings; prevention



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17096/jiufd.60117

References


Official Records of the World Health Organization: Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization as adopted by the International Health Conference, New York, 19–22 June, 1946; signed on 22 July 1946 by the representatives of 61 States.; 1948:2–100 and entered into force on 7 April.

Azodo CC, Ezeja EB. Ocular health practices by dental surgeons in southern nigeria. BMC Oral Health 2014;14(115).

Chadwick RG, Alatsaris M, Ranka M. Eye care habits of dentists registered in the United Kingdom. Br Dent J. 2007 Aug 25;203(4):E7 doi: 10.1038/bdj.2007.580

Ayatollahi J, Ayatollahi F, Ardekani AM, Bahrololoomi R, Ayatollahi J, Ayatollahi A, Owlia MB. Occupational hazards to dental staff. Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2012;9(1):2-7.

Öner B, Ayhan NK. Göze kan ve tükürük sıçraması sonucu gelişebilecek enfeksiyonlar. Diş hekimliğinde Klinik 1994;1:21-23.

Porter K, Scully C, Theyer Y, Porter S. Occupational injuries to dental personnel. J Dent 1990;18(5):258-262.

Al Wazzan KA, Almas K, Al Qahtani MQ, Al Shethri SE, Khan N. Prevalence of ocular injuries, conjunctivitis and use of eye protection among dental personnel in riyadh, saudi arabia. Int Dent J 2001;51(2):89-94.

McDonald RI, Walsh LJ, Savage NW. Analysis of workplace injuries in a dental school environment. Aust Dent J 1997;42(2):109-113.

Farrier SL, Farrier JN, Gilmour AS. Eye safety in operative dentistry - a study in general dental practice. Br Dent J 2006;200(4):218-223.

Tolle S, Simmons E. Maximizing protection; personal protective equipment is a key component of effective infection control in the dental operatory. Dimens Dent Hyg 2010;8(3):26-31.

MacLean C. Dalhousie University Faculty of Dentistry; Infection Control Manual 2013. 56. Available: https://www.dal.ca/content/dam/dalhousie/pdf/dentistry/IC%20Manual%2713.pdf

Scott DA, Coulter WA, Lamey PJ. Oral shedding of herpes simplex virus type 1: A review. J Oral Pathol Med 1997;26(10):441-447.

Romanowski EG, Bartels SP, Gordon YJ. Comparative antiviral efficacies of cidofovir, trifluridine, and acyclovir in the hsv-1 rabbit keratitis model. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 1999;40(2):378-384.

Lewis MA. Herpes simplex virus: An occupational hazard in dentistry. Int Dent J 2004;54(2):103-111.

Midulla M, Sollecito D, Feleppa F, Assensio AM, Ilari S. Infection by airborne chlamydia trachomatis in a dentist cured with rifampicin after failures with tetracycline and doxycycline. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987;294(6574):742.

Browning WD, McCarthy JP. A case series: Herpes simplex virus as an occupational hazard. J Esthet Restor Dent 2012;24(1):61-66.

Wagner H. How healthy are today’s dentists? JADA 1985;110(1):17-24.

Nejatidanesh F, Khosravi Z, Goroohi H, Badrian H, Savabi O. Risk of contamination of different areas of dentist's face during dental practices. Int J Prev Med 2013;4(5):611-615.

Szymanska J. Work-related vision hazards in the dental office. Ann Agric Environ Med 2000;7(1):1-4.

Jung BY, Seo JY, Kim ST, Park W. Penetration injury to periorbital area by dental laboratory bur. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2010;68(7):1681-1683.

Yuzbasioglu E, Sarac D, Canbaz S, Sarac YS, Cengiz S. A survey of cross-infection control procedures: Knowledge and attitudes of turkish dentists. J Appl Oral Sci 2009;17(6):565-569.

Matsuzaki K, Aoki T, Oji T, Nagashima H, Tsue C, Maki R, Kishi K. A rare case of a broken dental bur perforating the medial orbital wall without damaging the eye. Quintessence Int 2016;47(1):75-79.

Barkana Y, Belkin M. Laser eye injuries. Surv Ophthalmol 2000;44(6):459-478.

Basford JR. Low-energy laser therapy: Controversies and new research findings. Lasers Surg Med 1989;9(1):1-5.

Fine BS, Fine S, Peacock GR, Geeraets WJ, Klein E. Preliminary observations on ocular effects of high-power, continuous co-2 laser irradiation. Am J Ophthalmol 1967;64(2):209-222.

Myers TD. Lasers in dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 1991;122(1):46-50.

Ozcan A SM. Diş hekimliğinde lazer. Turkiye Klinikleri. Dishekimligi Bilimleri Dergisi 2016;22(2):122-129.

Rochkind S, Rousso M, Nissan M, Villarreal M, Barr-Nea L, Rees DG. Systemic effects of low-power laser irradiation on the peripheral and central nervous system, cutaneous wounds, and burns. Lasers Surg Med 1989;9(2):174-182.

Sliney DH. Laser safety. Lasers Surg Med 1995;16(3):215-225.

Tam G. Low power laser therapy and analgesic action. J Clin Laser Med Surg 1999;17(1):29-33.

Bader O, Lui H. FRCPC Laser Safety and the Eye: Hidden Hazards and Practical Pearls American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting Poster Session, Washington, D.C. 1996

Anderson DE, Badzioch M. Association between solar radiation and ocular squamous cell carcinoma in cattle. Am J Vet Res 1991;52(5):784-788.

Anduze AL. Ultraviolet radiation and cataract development in the u.S. Virgin islands. J Cataract Refract Surg 1993;19(2):298-300.

Cruickshanks KJ, Klein BE, Klein R. Ultraviolet light exposure and lens opacities: The beaver dam eye study. Am J Public Health 1992;82(12):1658-1662.

Hietanen M. Ocular exposure to solar ultraviolet and visible radiation at high latitudes. Scand J Work Environ Health 1991;17(6):398-403.

Zigman S. Ocular light damage. Photochem Photobiol 1993;57(6):1060-1068.

Zigman S, Rafferty NS, Scholz DL, Lowe K. The effects of near-uv radiation on elasmobranch lens cytoskeletal actin. Exp Eye Res 1992;55(2):193-201.

Bruzell Roll EM, Jacobsen N, Hensten-Pettersen A. Health hazards associated with curing light in the dental clinic. Clin Oral Investig 2004;8(3):113-117.

Labrie D, Moe J, Price RB, Young ME, Felix CM. Evaluation of ocular hazards from 4 types of curing lights. J Can Dent Assoc 2011;77:b116.

Satrom KD, Morris MA, Crigger LP. Potential retinal hazards of visible-light photopolymerization units. J Dent Res 1987;66(3):731-736.

Brearly S, Buist LJ. Blood splashes: an underestimated hazard to surgeons. Br Med J 1989;299(6711):1315.

Albdour MQ OE. Eye safety in dentistry-a study. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal 2010;30(1):8-13.

Brearley S, Buist LJ. Blood splashes: An underestimated hazard to surgeons. BMJ 1989;299(6711):1315.

Harrel SK, Molinari J. Aerosols and splatter in dentistry: A brief review of the literature and infection control implications. J Am Dent Assoc 2004;135(4):429-437.

Jorgensen G, Palenik CJ. Selection and use of personal protective equipment. Dent Assist 2004;73(6):16, 18-19.

Howe S. Use of personal protective equipment in dental practices. Dental Nursing 2015;11(8):464-467.

Pohl L, Bergman M. The dentist's exposure to elemental mercury vapor during clinical work with amalgam. Acta Odontol Scand 1995;53(1):44-48.

Schnetler JF. Blood splashes to the eyes in oral and maxillofacial surgery, and the risks of hiv transmission. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1991;29(5):338-340.

https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9778

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/eye/eye-infectious.html




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.