VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF A TURKISH PEDIATRIC ORAL HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE (POQL) MEASURE
Purpose: The aim of this study is to develop Turkish measures of Pediatric Oral Health-related Quality of Life (POQL) and to evaluate their reliability and validity for use on Turkish children aged 8 to 14 years (Child Self-Report measure; CSR) and their caregivers (Parent Report-on-Child measure; PRC).
Subjects and Methods: The English POQL was translated into Turkish, adapted to Turkish culture, and tested among 149 children and their caregivers attending Çukurova University Pediatric Dentistry clinics to assess the reliability, internal consistency, discriminant and convergent validity of the Turkish version.
Results: Internal consistency of the Turkish POQL evaluated by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.905 for the CSR and 0.887 for the PRC. To determine test-retest reliability, a sub-sample (n=16) completed the instrument a second time two weeks after the first survey administration. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) values of the individual items were 0.895 for the CSR and 0.992 for the PRC. For total scores, there was a significant difference by clinical caries status and by perceived oral health in both the CSR and PRC.
Conclusion: Turkish version of the POQL is a valid and reliable measure of the perceived impact of oral conditions on children’s lives.
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