Ayça Yılmaz, Selçuk Gökyay, Rüştü Dağlaroğlu, Işıl Karagöz Küçükay


Purpose: To evaluate the deformation and fracture rates for ProTaper Universal (PTU) nickel-titanium rotary instruments according to the frequency of clinical use.

Materials and Methods: A total of 619 PTU instruments (S1, S2, F1, F2, and F3) that have been used in the clinic by a single endodontist were collected over a period of 4 years. These instruments were grouped on the basis of one to three (Group A), four to six (Group B) and seven to nine (Group C) clinical uses (one canal = one use). All instruments were evaluated by a blinded investigator under a stereomicroscope at 15×–45× magnification for the presence of deformation and fracture.

Results: The overall rates of deformation and fracture were 10% and 1.2%, respectively. The deformation and fracture rates for the S2, F1, and F2 instruments showed no significant differences among groups. However, fracture rate for S1 instruments in Group A was significantly higher than for those in Group B (p = 0.025) and Group C (p = 0.004). In Group C, the S1 instruments showed a significantly higher deformation rate compared with the S2 (p = 0.04), F1 (p = 0.008) and F2 (p = 0.049) instruments; there were no other significant differences within groups.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the deformation and fracture rates for PTU rotary instruments differ according to the frequency of use. In the hands of an experienced endodontist, all instruments except S1 can be used up to nine times in selected cases.


NiTi rotary system; ProTaper Universal; dental instruments; deformation; fracture

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17096/jiufd.73894


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