A RADIOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF THE PREVALENCE OF PULP STONES IN PATIENTS WHO PRESENTED TO ATATURK UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF DENTISTRY DEPARTMENT OF ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND RADIOLOGY-Pulpa Taşı Prevalansının Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Oral Diagnoz v

Nurcan ÖZAKAR İLDAY, Özkan MİLOĞLU, Ömer DEMİRTAŞ, Eren YILDIRIM, Nilgün SEVEN, Ömer SAĞSÖZ
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Abstract


Pulpa Taşı Prevalansının Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Oral Diagnoz ve Radyoloji Anabilim Dalına Başvuran Hastalarda Radyografik Olarak Değerlendirilmesi

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of pulp stones in a group of Turkish dental patients using panoramic radiographs and dental records, and to report any associations between the presence of pulp stones and age, sex, tooth type, dental status, dental anomalies or systemic diseases.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected through radiographic examination of panoramic radiographs and dental records of 4798 dental patients. The presence of pulp stones was recorded. Chi-square analyses were used to compare the frequency of occurrence o75f pulp stones between the parameters.

Results: Pulp stones were identified in 168 (3.5%) patients examined. Six hundred twenty (0.5%) of 122405 teeth had pulp stones. Gender, tooth type and dental status were correlated with the presence of pulp stones (p<0.05). No significant association existed between pulp stones and age, dental anomalies or systemic diseases (p>0.05).

Conclusion: Under the limitations of the present study, pulp stones were detected in 3.5% of 4798 patients and 0.5% of 122405 teeth examined using panoramic radiographs. Molars contained significantly more pulp stones than other tooth types. Carious and/or restored first and second molars exhibited a significantly higher prevalence of pulp stones than intact molars. Further studies are needed to clarify the higher pulp stone prevalence in molars and the possible association between the occurrence of pulp stones and pulpal irritations.

Keywords: Dental pulp stone, dental panoramic radiography, oral radiology, prevalence, Turkish population

ÖZ

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amaçları; bir grup Türk dental hastada panoramik radyografiler ve dental kayıtlar kullanarak pulpa taşı sıklığının belirlenmesi ve pulpa taşı varlığı ile yaş, cinsiyet, diş tipi, dental durum, dental anomaliler ve sistemik hastalıklar arasında olabilecek ilişkileri bildirmekti.

Gereç ve Yöntem: 4798 hastanın panoramic radyografileri ve dental kayıtları incelenerek veriler toplandı. Pulpa taşı varlığı kaydedildi. Pulpa taşı oluşma sıklığı, ki-kare analizi kullanılarak parametrelerle karşılaştırıldı.

Bulgular: Pulpa taşı, incelenen hastaların 168’inde (%3.5) tespit edildi. 122405 dişin 620’sinde (%0.5) pulpa taşı vardı. Cinsiyet, diş tipi ve dental durum pulpa taşı varlığıyla ilişkiliydi (p<0.05). Pulpa taşları ile yaş, dental anomaliler ve sistemik hastalıklar arasında önemli bir ilişki bulunmuyordu (p>0.05).

Sonuç: Bu çalışmanın sınırları dahilinde, panoramic radyografiler kullanılarak incelenen 4798 hastanın %3.5’inde ve 122405 dişin %0.5’inde pulpa taşı belirlendi. Büyük azılar diğer diş tiplerine göre önemli derecede daha fazla diş taşı içeriyordu. Çürüklü ve/veya restore edilmiş birinci ve ikinci büyük azılar zarar görmemiş büyük azılara göre önemli derece daha yüksek sıklıkta pulpa taşı sergiliyordu. İlerde yapılacak çalışmalarda büyük azılardaki yüksek pulpa taşı sıklığının ve pulpa taşı oluşumu ile pulpal irritasyonlar arasındaki olası ilişkinin açıklanması gerekmektedir.

Anahtar kelimeler: Dental pulpa taşı, dental panoramik radyografi, oral radyoloji, prevalans, Türk popülasyonu

 


Keywords


Dental pulp stone, dental panoramic radiography, oral radiology, prevalence, Turkish population

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17096/jiufd.24892

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Corresponding Author: Ömer SAĞSÖZ Department of Restorative Dentistry Faculty of Dentistry Ataturk University Erzurum / TURKEY Phone: +905534290938 e-mail: omer.sagsoz@atauni.edu.tr




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