PREVALENCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF IDIOPATHIC OSTEOSCLEROSIS ON PATIENTS ATTENDING A DENTAL SCHOOL-Idiyopatik Osteosklerozun Bir Diş Hekimliği Fakültesine Başvuran Hastalardaki Görülme Sıklığı ve Dağılımı

Meryem TORAMAN ALKURT, Elif SADIK, İlkay PEKER
1.077 258

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and distribution of idiopathic osteosclerosis (IO) according to its location, patients' age and gender in the patients attending a dental school.

Material and Methods: This study included digital panoramic images of 1065 (623 females, 58.5 %; 442 males, 41.5 %) consecutive patients. The images were assessed by 2 authors.

Results: A total of 55 lesions in 50 patients whose mean age was 36.1 (36.1±15.1) were detected. The prevalence of IO was found to be 4.7 %. The most frequent number of lesion (36 %) was observed in 20-29 age groups. The number of lesions was higher in females (2.9 %) than males (1.8 %). There was no statistically significant difference between genders for the prevalence of IO (p=0.607). The most frequent number of lesion was observed in mandibular premolar region (47.3 °%). Statistically significant difference was found between maxilla and mandible (p<0.001).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the prevalence of IO was found to be 4.7 %. Obtained findings were in accordance with the results of previous reports.

Keywords: Osteosclerosis, panoramic radiography, prevalence

ÖZ

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, bir diş hekimliği fakültesine başvuran hastalardaki idiopatik osteosk-lerozun (İO) görülme sıklığı ile bölge, yaş ve cinsiyete göre dağılımını değerlendirmektir.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışmaya 1065 (623 kadın, % 58.5; 442 erkek, % 41.5) hastanın dijital panoramik görüntüleri dahil edildi. Görüntüler, iki araştırmacı tarafından değerlendirildi.

Bulgular: Yaş ortalaması 36.1 (36.1±15.1) olan 50 hastada, toplam 55 lezyon tespit edildi. İO'un görülme sıklığı % 4.7 olarak bulundu. En fazla lezyon (% 36) 20-29 yaş grubunda izlendi. Lezyonların sayısı kadınlarda (% 2.9) erkeklerden (% 1.8) daha fazlaydı. İO görülme sıklığı açısından cinsiyetler arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark yoktu (p=0.607). En fazla sayıda lezyon alt çene küçük azı dişler bölgesinde izlendi. İO görülme sıklığı açısından alt ve üst çene arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulundu (p<0.001).

Sonuç: Bu çalışmanın sonuçlarına göre, İO'un görülme sıklığı % 4.7 olarak tespit edildi. Elde edilen bulgular önceki araştırmaların sonuçları ile uyumludur.

Anahtar kelimeler: Osteoskleroz, panoramik radyografi, görülme sıklığı


Keywords


Osteosclerosis, panoramic radiography, prevalence

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Faculty of Dentistry Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology 06510 Emek-Ankara-TURKEY Phone: 0312 203 41 52 e-mail: mtalkurt@gmail.com




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